Basic Health Check
|Congratulations – you have a new puppy!|
We believe that desexing not only helps solve the serious problem of unwanted pet overpopulation, but also makes for friendlier, easier-to-live-with pets. Spayed female dogs are more relaxed, while castrated males are less likely to roam, or urine-mark their territory, or fight with other males. Plus, desexing has health benefits - it helps to minimize the risk for cancers of the reproductive organs and the mammary glands in females and reduces the incidence of prostate problems and testicular cancer in males.
Spaying removes the uterus and ovaries of a female dog, and we recommend this to be done at the age of 6 months. The surgical procedure is performed under general anaesthesia and your pooch will be ready to go home by the end of the day. Complications are rare and recovery normally is complete within two weeks.
Castrating, also carried out under general anaesthesia, removes the testicles of a male dog through an incision at the base of the scrotum. Similarly, we recommend the procedure be performed when the puppy is about six months old. Full recovery takes about seven to ten days.
Your puppy’s basic health check
Your puppy should come for a check up at John the Vet as soon as possible. The first visit will include:
A thorough physical examination to determine his state of health.
Check for external parasites (fleas, ticks, lice, ear mites).
Check for internal parasites (tapeworm, roundworm, etc.)
Blood tests may also be done.
Initial vaccination and/or a discussion of the types of vaccinations your puppy needs and when they should be scheduled.
Discussion about whether your puppy should be desexed (spayed or castrated) and when.
This first health check will give us the information we need to advise you on your puppy’s immediate diet and care. Plus, it will give us a “knowledge base” from which, on subsequent checkups throughout your pup’s life, we can better evaluate, monitor and manage your pet’s health.
We understand that as a new puppy owner you have lots of questions regarding your new pet’s health, so we have extended our consultation time for your first visit. The usual 15 minute consultation will be extended to 30 minutes, while the fee will remain the same.
Make your new puppy feel at home
Show your puppy the special places where he or she can eat, sleep and, since they're probably quite overwhelmed, give him or her some quiet time to themselves to let them adjust to the unfamiliar sights and sounds of their new home. Be sure, if there are also young children in the home, that they are taught that a puppy is not a toy, but a living creature who must be treated with gentleness and respect. As early as 8 weeks old, your puppy is capable of learning specific lessons – so start house-breaking and teaching simple obedience commands the day you bring him or her home. We can suggest the best training methods and invite you to join our puppy-classes at John the Vet. Your pup will find learning fun and easy and, with your positive reinforcement, they should remember their lessons well!
Your Geriatric Dog
When is the best time to start caring for your ageing pet? When they're a puppy. Starting off your dog’s life with good nutrition, regular exercise, scheduled veterinary appointments and a happy home life sets the blueprint for a high quality of life in their older years. However, as your dog ages, much like humans, changes to the metabolism will occur. Paying attention to your dog’s behaviour will make detecting problems easier.
What you can do at home
Check your dog’s mouth, eyes and ears regularly. Watch for loose teeth, redness, swelling or discharge.
Keep your pet’s sleeping area clean and warm.
Groom your pet often. You’ll detect any unusual sores or lumps and keep their coat healthy.
Make fresh water available at all times.
Maintain a regime of proper nutrition, exercise and loving attention.
Obesity is a big health risk. An older dog is a less active dog, so adjustments to your pet’s diet to reduce caloric intake are imperative. This will relieve pressure on their joints as well as manage the risks of heart failure, kidney or liver disease, digestive problems and more. Other changes to their nutrition should include increasing fibre, fatty acids and vitamins while decreasing sodium, protein and fat.
Arthritis’ severity can range from slight stiffness to debilitation. An exercise program, also to maintain muscle tone and mass, can be adjusted to their condition. Anti-inflammatory medication can help relieve the pain so bring your dog in for a check up.
Intolerance to hot and cold temperatures occurs because your dog produces less of the hormones which regulate the body’s normal temperature. Move his bed closer to a heater and bring him indoors on cold days.
Tooth loss or decay not only makes it harder to chew but also increases the likelihood of nasty infections. Brushing and cleaning the teeth will keep these to a minimum.
Prostate enlargement or Mammary Gland Tumours is mostly diagnosed in uncastrated or unspayed dogs. Have the prostate or mammary glands examined at checkups.
Separation Anxiety presents itself when older dogs can’t cope with stress. Aggressive behaviour, noise phobia, increased barking and whining or restless sleep are the signs. Medication combined with behaviour modification techniques are key.
Skin or coat problems Ageing means the skin loses elasticity, making your pet more susceptible to injury while the coat’s hair thins and dulls over time. Grooming more often and fatty acid supplements are highly beneficial.
Canine Cognitive Dysfunction manifests itself in confusion, disorientation or decreased activity. Medication can help solve some of these issues.